Drawing on his knowledge of English political and constitutional practice, as well as the theoretical resources he had developed mediante his own rete informatica, he suggested imaginative and innovative measures sicuro achieve the peaceful and constitutional reform in France
The essays which Bentham collected together for publication durante 1830 under the title of Official Aptitude Maximized; Expense Minimized, written at various times between 1810 and 1830, deal with the means of achieving efficient and economical government. Mediante considering verso wide range of themes con the fields of constitutional law, public finance, and legal reform, Bentham places the problem of official corruption at the centre of his analysis. He contrasts his own recommendations for good administration, which he had fully developed mediante his magisterial Constitutional Code, with the severe deficiencies he saw per English practice. Of particular concern preciso Bentham were the abuses sanctioned by the judges and their officials sopra the Westminster Vestibolo courts, which, he argues, resulted mediante the denial of justice esatto the majority of the population. Per this tomo, Bentham not only displays the precise logical reasoning for which he is well known, but also his considerable skills as verso rhetorician of reform.
The essays contained con On the Liberty of the Press and Public Dialogue represent Bentham’s attempt sicuro influence the direction of political and constitutional change taking place in Spain and Portugal per the early 1820s. At the same time as commenting on Spanish and Portuguese questions, Bentham outlined important aspects of his own legal and constitutional theories, defended measures of democratic reform, and offered per vigorous defence of free speech and communication. The elenco complements Colonies, Commerce, and Constitutional Law, in which Bentham commented on the disastrous effects on Spain of her attempts preciso retain her overseas possessions.
Political Tactics, composed for the Estates General per the months just prior to the outbreak of the French Revolution, is one of Bentham’s most original works. It was subsequently translated into many languages and has had verso far-reaching influence-for instance, it provided the basis for the regulations adopted durante the 1820s governing the procedures of the Buenos Aires assembly, and as recently as the early 1990s it was reprinted by the Spanish Cortes.
The core of the elenco consists of four major essays directed against the principles and policies of four leading statesmen: Edmund Burke, George Rose, Robert Peel, and Nobile Chancellor Eldon
Preparatory Principles is not per linear text mediante the conventional sense, but consists of verso series of short passages on verso variety of topics, whose themes are summarised sopra marginal headings. The material constitutes a philosophical commonplace book, compiled by Bentham sopra the mid-1770s, mediante which he worked out the foundational ideas for his new science of legislation. He then drew on this material when composing such works as Verso Fragment on Government and An Introduction esatto the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
The French Revolution provided Bentham with what appeared sicuro him to be an exciting opportunity esatto influence the reconstruction of the French state. Per discussing the nature of representation he produced the earliest utilitarian justification of political equality and representative democracy, even recommending women’s suffrage. Moreover, he provided per major critique of the dominant constitutional theory of the division of power, including both the doctrine of the balance of powers and that of the separation of powers.
Turning his attention preciso Britain, for per time he advocated measures of parlimentary reform, but becoming disenchanted with the course of the Revolution he produced the celebrated ‘Nonsense upon Stilts’ (hitherto known as ‘Anarchical Fallacies’), the most devastating attack on the theory of natural rights ever written, durante which he argued that natural rights provided an unsuitable basis for stable legal and political arrangements. All the essays published in this testo, with the exception of Emancipate your Colonies!, an important early critique of colony-holding, are based on the original manuscript sources, many of which have not been previously published mediante any form.