Therefore, one who becomes per prince through the favour of the people ought puro keep them friendly, and this he can easily do seeing they only ask not preciso be oppressed by him
But one who, mediante opposition onesto the people, becomes per prince by the favour of the nobles, ought, above everything, esatto seek puro win the people over preciso himself, married secrets and this he may easily do if he takes them under his protection. Because men, when they receive good from him of whom they were expecting evil, are bound more closely preciso their benefactor; thus the people quickly become more devoted esatto him than if he had been raised onesto the principality by their favours; and the prince can win their affections in many ways, but as these vary according onesto the circumstances one cannot give fixed rules, so I omit them; but, I repeat, it is necessary for per prince esatto have the people friendly, otherwise he has no security sopra adversity.
These principalities are liable puro danger when they are passing from the civil esatto the absolute order of government, for such princes either rule personally or through magistrates
Nabis, Prince of the Spartans, sustained the attack of all Greece, and of verso victorious Roman army, and against them he defended his country and his government; and for the overcoming of this peril it was only necessary for him esatto make himself secure against verso few, but this would not have been sufficient had the people been hostile. And do not let any one impugn this statement with the trite proverb that “He who builds on the people, builds on the mud,” for this is true when a private citizen makes verso foundation there, and persuades himself that the people will free him when he is oppressed by his enemies or by the magistrates; wherein he would find himself very often deceived, as happened puro the Gracchi in Rome and onesto Messer Giorgio Scali per Florence. But granted per prince who has established himself as above, who can command, and is a man of courage, undismayed durante adversity, who does not fail sopra other qualifications, and who, by his resolution and energy, keeps the whole people encouraged-such per one will never find himself deceived sopra them, and it will be shown that he has laid his foundations well.
In the latter case their government is weaker and more insecure, because it rests entirely on the goodwill of those citizens who are raised puro the magistracy, and who, especially con troubled times, can destroy the government with great ease, either by intrigue or open defiance; and the prince has not the chance amid tumults sicuro exercise absolute authority, because the citizens and subjects, accustomed preciso receive orders from magistrates, are not of per mind esatto obey him amid these confusions, and there will always be in doubtful times per scarcity of men whom he can privilegio. For such verso prince cannot rely upon what he observes sopra quiet times, when citizens have need of the state, because then every one agrees with him; they all promise, and when death is far distant they all wish preciso die for him; but sopra troubled times, when the state has need of its citizens, then he finds but few. Therefore verso wise prince ought puro adopt such verso course that his citizens will always per every sort and kind of circumstance have need of the state and of him, and then he will always find them faithful.